What helps?

What helps to improve the quality of life of transsexuals?

On this page, I’m trying to give answers to the following question:

Can medical treatment or social interventions help transsexuals?

Spoiler alert: The answer is yes. Science has found evidence that certain treatments can help. I have tried to answer the question by making a list of observations and supporting them with evidence from current scientific research.


7. Hormone treatment helps
– Reference list of scientific articles and studies (51 items)

8. Being out helps
– Reference list of scientific articles and studies (18 items)

9. Sex reassignment surgery helps
– Reference list of scientific articles and studies (85 items)


To provide evidence for the observations above, a large number of scientific studies is listed. Please click on the links above and have a browse.

I very much appreciate corrections, amendments and additions.

All abstracts are taken verbatim from the respective studies, only the highlighting is mine. To avoid distorting the studies, the included abstracts are usually full-length, even if some parts are not relevant to the observation detailed in the chapter. Please read the original studies for more information; often the contents are even more interesting than the carefully worded abstract. Some studies are listed twice to illustrate separate points. I tried to provide mainly recently published and peer-reviewed studies and avoided case studies with few participants.

Articles are listed chronologically by chapter; key points relating to the observation made in the respective chapter are highlighted.

I would like to express my gratitude to all researchers and contributors to human biology and medicine – your work is continuously making this world a much better place for all of us. Thank you so much!

Navigation/Back to main pages

This page is part of the four main reference pages:

What is transsexualism? | What causes transsexualism? | What helps?

More evidence: Disorders of sex development (DSD)

A summary of the findings of the reference pages is given here: Summary

More references can be found here (articles not directly relevant to the observations discussed on the main reference pages): Other references

A short essay on the biological basis of transsexualism is here: Biological basis

A short discussion regarding possible contradicting evidence is here: Evidence against?

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