Eleven or so new studies, mostly in the “Other references” section. In addition, I found a really good article by Julian Baggini in the British Independent about the difficulties in drawing a clear line between mental health and mental illness (http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/jonathan-trott-and-the-problems-of-describing-mental-illness-9275507.html). Where does personal responsibility end and where does disease start?
- Svetlana Vujović et al. show in a new study from Serbia that finger length ratios of transsexuals conform to their target gender. The article states boldly: “Results we have obtained can confirm a biological etiology of transsexualism.”
- Nataša Jokić-Begić et al. from Croatia find that transsexuals have stable mental, social and professional functioning and are satisfied with outcomes of surgery.
- A 2014 article by Joseph Kosciw et al. finds being out promotes self-esteem and lowers depression, while increasing victimisation.
- Vaginoplasty is associated with low complication and high sexual satisfaction, finds Mark-Bram Bouman et al. in 2014.
- Apparently, non-gender conforming men are better at identifying odours (☺ they smell better 😏). Lenka Nováková et al. in 2013.
- Hormone therapy is safe, says a 2014 study from Brasil by Elaine Maria Frade Costa et al.
- Autism increases the risk for gender dysphoria, in line with Simon Baron-Cohen’s theory of autism having to do with conditions linked to steroids/brain gender (Alexa Pohl et al., 2014).
- Rachel Pauletti confirms in 2014 that children who question their own gender identity are often the target of bullies.
- In a stunning and completely unexpected find, Jasmina Barišić et al. discover in 2014 that gender dysphoric people feel imperfect or inadequate (sorry, I shouldn’t be cynical, there are many reasons to thank the researchers for their hard work… but I would have thought those feelings are an elementary part of gender dysphoria).